Posted by: noticeable | December 10, 2006

Weekly Report: Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (November 30th – December 6)

 

The Palestinian Center For Human Rights, in Gaza, published its weekly report on the Israeli violations and illegal activities in the occupied territories in the period between 30 November – December 6.

 

Find the full report below.

 

 

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

  • 4 Palestinians civilians, including two children, were killed by IOF in the West Bank, and a child died from a previous wound in the Gaza Strip.

  • 13 Palestinian civilians, including 7 children, were wounded by IOF.

  • IOF conducted 37 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.

  • IOF arrested 117 Palestinian civilians, including 5 children and a woman.

  • IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT; IOF arrested 8 Palestinian civilians, including a child, at checkpoints in the West Bank

  • Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property in the OPT; a Palestinian child was seriously wounded in Hebron, and IOF destroyed 4 houses and 4 civilian establishments in Qalqilya and Bethlehem.

Summary

Israeli violations of international law continued in the OPT during the reported period (30 November – 6 December 2006):

Killing: During the reported period, IOF killed 4 Palestinian civilians, including two children in the West Bank. A child died also from a previous wound in the Gaza Strip. In addition, IOF wounded 13 Palestinian civilians, including 7 children. IOF have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and their property in spite of the truce agreed upon between the Palestinian President and the Israeli side, which IOF insist to be limited to the Gaza Strip only.

In the West Bank, IOF killed 4 Palestinian civilians, including two children. On Thursday, 30 November 2006, IOF shot dead a Palestinian child and wounded 3 others in Beeta village, southeast of Nablus. IOF opened fire at some Palestinian children who demonstrated in the village. On Friday, 1 December 2006, IOF shot dead a Palestinian civilian near the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron. They claimed that he attempted to attack them with a Molotov Cocktail bottle. On Sunday, 3 December 2006, IOF shot dead a Palestinian child in ‘Askra refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. IOF fired at a number of children who threw stones military vehicles. On Monday, 4 December 2006, IOF shot dead a Palestinian civilian and wounded two others in Tulklarm. They claimed that an undercover unit attempted to arrest a number of wanted Palestinians and fired at them when they attempted to flee, so a bystander was killed and two wanted persons were wounded. Investigations conducted by PCHR refute the Israeli claim. In addition, 6 Palestinian civilians, including 5 children, were wounded by the IOF gunfire. A sixth child was wounded when an Israeli settler opened fire at a Palestinian house to the south of Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, on Saturday morning, 2 December 2006, a Palestinian child from Jabalya refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip died from a wound he had sustained on 25 November 2006, during the IOF offensive on the northern Gaza Strip. In addition, 6 Palestinian civilians were wounded by the IOF gunfire. IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel fired at a number of Palestinian civilians in some areas in the Gaza Strip for no apparent reasons.

Incursions: During the reported period, IOF conducted at least 37 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they raided houses and arrested 117 Palestinian civilians, including 5 children and woman. They also transformed 3 houses into military sites. IOF employed undercover units in several incursions.

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

IOF have imposed a strict siege on the Gaza Strip. They have closed its border crossings as a form of collective punishment against Palestinian civilians.

IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point since 25 June 2006, even though they do not directly control it. During the reported period, the crossing point was reopened on Wednesday, 6 December 2006. IOF have partially reopened commercial crossings, especially al-Mentar (Karni) crossing, but many goods and medical supplies have been lacked in markets in the Gaza Strip. IOF have also continued to close Erez crossing in the northern Gaza Strip. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip had been prevented from traveling through this crossing. IOF have allowed international workers to pass through the crossing. With this closure, only few Palestinian patients have been able to travel to hospitals in Israel and the West Bank. In addition, IOF have continued to prevent Palestinian fishermen from fishing for 5 months.

 

West Bank

IOF have tightened the siege imposed on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. They have isolated Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to separate between the north and south of the West Bank. During the reported period, IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 8 Palestinian civilians, including a child.

Illegal Settler Activities: Israeli settlers in breach of international humanitarian law continue to reside in the OPT and have launched a series of attacks against Palestinian civilians and property. On Sunday morning, 3 December 2006, an Israeli settler opened fire at Palestinian house in the south of Hebron. As a result, a child was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the head. In the context of settlement activities, IOF demolished 4 houses and 4 civilian establishments in Qalqilya and Bethlehem, claiming that were built without licenses.

The outcome of crimes committed by IOF since 25 June 2006:

o 473 Palestinians, 299 of whom are civilians, including 91 children and 29 women, have been killed by IOF.

o At least 1605 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 336 children, 109 women. In the Gaza Strip alone, 1259 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 343 children, 104 women, 4 paramedics and 7 journalist, have been wounded by the IOF gunfire.

o At least 328 air-to-surface missiles and hundreds of artillery shells have been fired at Palestinian civilian and military targets in the Gaza Strip.

o Buildings of the Palestinian Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of National economy, the office of the Palestinian Prime Minister and a number of educational institutions have been destroyed.

o The electricity generation plant, providing 45% of the electricity of the Gaza Strip, was destroyed, and electricity networks and transmitters have been repeatedly attacked.

o 6 bridges linking Gaza City with the central Gaza Strip and a number of roads have been destroyed.

o Hundreds of donums of agricultural land and dozens of houses have been destroyed.

o Hundreds of Palestinian civilians, including 10 ministers and 31 members of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), including the Speaker, Deputy Speaker and Secretary, have been arrested. Minster of Prisoners’ Affairs, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Labor and Second Deputy Speaker of the PLC were released.

o The Palestinian governmental compound in Nablus has been destroyed.

o Many families in Rafah, Beit Hanoun and Beit Lahia have been forced to leave their houses.

o IOF intelligence has warned some Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip by phone to evacuate their houses, which would be attacked.

o 73 houses belonging to activists of Palestinian factions have been destroyed by IOF warplanes.

o IOF have imposed a strict siege on the OPT, and have isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (30 November – 6 December 2006)

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

Thursday, 30 November 2006

· At approximately 00:20, IOF moved into Taqqou’ village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Mohammed Shaher al-Badan, 20; and

2. Ayman Isma’il ‘Abdul Jalil, 19.

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Shawawra village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians, including 3 brothers:

 

1. ‘Ali Mohammed Hamdan, 24;

2. Nader Salem Hamdan, 19;

3. Basem Salem Hamdan, 22; and

4. Shaker Salem Hamdan, 25.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus and the neighboring Balata refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Majdi Khalil Bakkar, 21;

2. Mohammed Kamel Abu al-Hayat, 22;

3. Hamed Akram Bashir, 43;

4. Jamal Tariq ‘Akkouba, 35; and

5. Mohammed ‘Abdul Rahim Musallam, 20.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-‘Azza refugee camp, northwest of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 10 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Jihad Noufal Abu Sha’ira, 46;

2. Majed Mohammed al-‘Azza, 34;

3. Nihad Mohammed al-‘Azza, 37;

4. Mohammed ‘Abdul Hafez Abu Sha’ira, 33;

5. Rami ‘Ali Qaraqe’, 30;

6. Ussama Rebhi Abu Sha’ira, 23;

7. ‘Ali Mohammed Marzouq, 19;

8. Yasser Abu Hussein al-Farajin, 26;

9. ‘Eissa Mahmoud al-Barbari, 25; and

10. ‘Aamer ‘Abdullah Abu Sha’ira, 23.

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Daoud Dib Abu Jhaisha, 24;

2. Haidar Mohammed al-‘Awawda, 23; and

3. Mo’ath Mohammed Abu Jhaisha, 24.

· At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into ‘Aaida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They closed its northern entrance and patrolled in the streets. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Bilal Rabah Abu Rahma, 17.

 

· At approximately 18:00, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel, northeast of Beit Lahia, fired at Ahmed Younis Mubarak, 22, from al-Sayafa area, wounding him with a live bullet to the right foot. Mubarak was on his way back home when he was shot.

 

· At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Beeta village, southeast of Naablus. They took position in the center of the village. A number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, IOF soldiers fired at the children. As a result, ‘Essam Nayef Bani Shams, 17, was killed by a live bullet to the abdomen. Additionally, 3 children were wounded:

 

1. Diaa’ Musbah Abu Mazen, 17, wounded by a live bullet to the right thigh;

2. Mustafa Raslan Jaber, 17, wounded by two live bullets to the hands; and

3. Tariq ‘Abdullah ‘Adeeni, 16, wounded by a live bullet to the hand.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian children:

 

1. Mohammed Ahmed Abu Baker, 13; and

2. Bassel Ghassan Sharif, 16.

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Wajeeh Rashad Abu ‘Eida, 48, a political leader of Hamas.

Friday, 1 December 2006

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Northern ‘Assira village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 23 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Ahmed Mohammed Abu Hannoud, 42, a member of the local council;

2. Dirar Mohammed Hamadna, 45, an Imam of a mosque;

3. Nidal Mohammed Yassin, 40;

4. Mohammed Bassan al-Shouli, 22;

5. Baraa’ Yassin Jarar’a, 20;

6. Ayman Ahmed Yassin, 19;

7. Mohammed ‘Abdullah Yassin, 20;

8. Ahmed Tawfiq Sawalha, 26;

9. Zaher Tawfiq Sawalha, 24;

10. Mo’ath Qassem al-Shouli, 18;

11. Samer ‘Abdullah Sawalha, 20;

12. Nasser ‘Aayed Jarar’a, 35;

13. Mohammed Mahmoud al-Jamal, 35;

14. ‘Emad ‘Awad al-Shouli, 25;

15. Anas Hasan Hamadna, 22;

16. ‘Ammar Mahmoud Jarar’a, 21;

17. Mohammed Zuhair Sawalha, 22;

18. Ussama Hamed Hamadna, 26;

19. Nayef Hamed Hamadna, 48;

20. ‘Emad Hussam Jawabra, 20;

21. Fu’ad Nizam Hamadna, 23;

22. ‘Ammar Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Jarar’a, 25; and

23. Bassem Taleb Hamadna, 28.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the families of Fayez ‘Eissa al-Toubasi, 23, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Shawawra village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a houses belonging to the family of Khaldoun ‘Ali Salem, 20, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 03:30, IOF soldiers positioned at the entrance of a road near the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron shot dead Bashar Hmaidan Burhan al-Ja’bari, 21, when he was walking in the area. He was instantly killed by 6 live bullets to the head, the chest and the thighs. IOF claimed that he attempted to attack soldiers with a Molotov Cocktail bottle. IOF held his body for more than an hour. According to eyewitnesses, the victim did not carry any weapon.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya, opening fire indiscriminately. A number of Palestinian children threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, IOF soldiers fired at the children, wounding 13-year-old Sanad Mahmoud Shabita with a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right shoulder.

 

· At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into ‘Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire at houses and shops, damaging a number of them. IOF withdrew from the village later and no casualties or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. IOF withdrew later and no casualties or arrests were reported.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Sahour. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Khaled Khalil ‘Awad, 24, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into al-Sammou’ village, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled in the streets. They then raided a house belonging to Hatem Nazmi Abu al-Kbash and transformed its roof into a military site. IOF soldiers stopped and searched a car, and pursued and fired tear gas canisters at school children. Three children suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

· In the early morning, Palestinian medical sources declared that Ayman ‘Abdul Qader Abu Mhadi, 10, from Jabalya refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip, died from a wound he had sustained last month. According to PCHR’s documentation, the child was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the head on 25 November 2006, when IOF soldiers positioned on al-Kashef Hill during the Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip. He was playing near his family home, when he was shot. As he was in a serious condition, he was transferred to an Israeli hospital, where he died.

 

· At approximately 20:00, IOF permanently positioned in the center and south of Hebron moved into Wadi al-Husain and Wadi al-Nasara neighborhoods, which are close to “Kiryat Arba” settlement, southeast of the town. They raided and searched a number of houses, and transformed two of them belonging to Fayez Mohammed al-Rajabi and Jawad Suleiman Da’na into military sites, allegedly to secure the movement of Israeli settlers.

 

· At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Karma village, south of Hebron, and imposed a curfew. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested ‘Afeef Salama ‘Awawda, 38.

Sunday, 3 December 2006

· At approximately 13:00, an IOF military jeep moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. The jeep took position near a hill in the east of the camp. Four Palestinian children who were in the area threw stones at the jeep. When one of the children moved forward and became 15-20 meters away from the jeep, an IOF soldier got out of the jeep and fired at the children, killing one of them, 15-year-old Jameel ‘Abdul Karim Jabji, with a live bullet to the head. His body remained in the area for 20 minutes, when the jeep withdrew from the area.

 

In his testimony to PCHR, 13-year-old Islam Ziad al-Refa’ei stated:

“At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 3 December 2006, I was sitting with 3 of my friends on a hill in the east of ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. We saw an Israeli military jeep coming from the east. The jeep stopped near the hill. We stood up and threw stones at the jeep. No stone hit the jeep because it was far from us. The jeep attempted to inveigle us to move forward by repeatedly moving back and forth. An IOF soldier then got out of the jeep. We ran away towards the hill. We head the sound of a live bullet. We did not know that the bullet hit our friend, 15-year-old Jameel ‘Abdul Karim al-Jabji, who was 15-20 meters away from the jeep. When reached the hilltop we say our friend on the ground. We called him, but he did not answer. We saw IOF soldiers getting out of the jeep and looking at us. Ten minutes later, they got into the jeep and left the area. My friend, 14-year-old ‘Adnan al-Mallah, moved down towards al-Jabji. When he reached him, he shouted that al-Jabji was wounded to the head. We hurried towards him. Al-Jabji was bleeding from the head.”

· At approximately 17:10, IOF permanently positioned in the center and south of Hebron moved into al-Rajabi neighborhood in the south of the town. They patrolled in the streets and detonated sound bombs. Later, IOF soldiers pursued 16-year-old Saleh Daoud al-Rajabi into his house, claiming that stones were thrown at their vehicles. They violently beat. When his mother, 27-year-old Rida al-Rajabi, intervened to protect her child, IOF soldiers violently beat her. The child sustained cuts to the head and the back, a fracture to the left arm and bruises throughout the body. His mother sustained bruises throughout the body.

Monday, 4 December 2006

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Harayiq neighborhood in the southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shaker Mousa Qaffisha, 32, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Saffa village, west of Ramallah. Thet raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Mohammed ‘Aadel ‘Allan, 20;

2. Hamza ‘Aadel ‘Allan, 21; and

3. Jihad Mohammed Zaki, 21.

 

· At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Mahmoud Kamel Masharqa, 24; and

2. Mohammed Abu al-Kheir, 40.

· Also at approximately 02:15, IOF moved al-Sammou’ village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Hani al-Badarin, 20, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 07:15, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel, north of Beit Lahia, fired at Hasan Jaber Abu Thuraya, 20, from the Bedouin village, wounding hi with a live bullet to the right foot. According to eyewitnesses, Abu Thuraya was grazing animals nearly 300 meters away from the border when he was shot for no apparent reason.

 

· At approximately 08:15, IOF moved into Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Ibrahim Fannoun, 57, a member of the political bureau of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 12:00, IOF intelligence officer arrested Inas Sa’ed al-Din Shaheen, 33, a mother of 3 children, from Hebron, after they had summoned her for interrogation. Shaheen’s husband is allegedly wanted by IOF.

 

· Also at approximately 12:00, an IOF military jeep moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. IOF soldiers erected a checkpoint at the entrance of the village. They stopped and checked Palestinian civilians, and arrested Qusai Radwan, 16.

 

· At approximately 16:00, IOF soldiers permanently positioned at the entrances of al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, moved into the camp, firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They raided and searched a number of houses and damaged a number of them. Three Palestinian civilians suffered from the inhalation of a new kind of tear gas fired by IOF.

 

· At approximately 18:00, an IOF undercover unit moved into Tulkarm, traveling in a civilian vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate. The car stopped near a coffee shop in the center of the town. Four armed persons got out of the jeep and stormed the coffee shop opening fire. As a result, Mahmoud Mohammed ‘Abdul ‘Aal, 24, originally from Khan Yunis and living in Tulkarm, was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the left thigh. He bled to death. Two other civilians, including a child, were also wounded:

 

1. ‘Anan Kamal Ya’ish, 20, wounded by a live bullet to the left leg and was arrested by IOF; and

2. Mujahed ‘Othman al-Shaweesh, 16, hit by shrapnel to the head.

IOF military vehicles moved into the town to secure the withdrawal of the undercover unit, and prevented ambulances from attending the wounded.

Tuesday, 5 December 2006

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Jalal Jamal Slhab, 27; and

2. ‘Omar Habeeb, 27.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Surra village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Sameer Mohammed ‘Awawda, 26; and

2. Mohammed ‘Abdullah al-Masri, 24.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. ‘Abdullah Mohammed Eghnaimat, 23;

2. Muhannad Mohammed Jobran, 31; and

3. Hamed Sha’ban al-Hour, 40.

 

· At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Nablus and the neighboring Balata and ‘Askar refugee camps. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Khalil Hasan Abu Hamada, 22;

2. Mohammed Fathi Abu ‘Ayash, 20;

3. Sa’ed Shukri Khalifa, 22;

4. Mohammed Jamal Abu Jarada, 22; and

5. ‘Aamer ‘Omar Yameen, 20.

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ihsan Mohammed Abu Warda, 27, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Rihiya village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Isma’il Fawzi al-Tubasi, 22. They also summoned his father and brother and two other civilians for interrogation.

Wednesday, 6 December 2006

· At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into Nablus and the neighboring Balata refugee camp. They besieged a house belonging to the family of Maher Abu al-Reesh, 25. They called on him through megaphones to surrender, and started to demolish the house. The family informed IOF that he was not at home, so IOF stopped the demolition of the house. IOF soldiers broke into the house and searched it. IOF also arrested 3 Palestinian civilians in the area:

 

1. Mohammed Jihad Hamdan, 21;

2. Nader Muneer al-Wayani, 20; and

3. Eyad Shaker Masha, 42.

· At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Kufor Dan village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 34 Palestinian civilians, including a child.

 

· At approximately 09:00, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the north of the Bedouin village and the industrial zone in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian civilians who were gathering metals and wires nearly 300 meters away from the border. Four civilians, including a child, were wounded:

 

1. Rawhi Sameeh Tamboura, 16, from Beit Lahia, wounded by a live bullet to the left thigh;

2. Hasan Maher al-Reefi, 24, from Gaza City, wounded by a live bullet to the left leg;

3. Salem Ibrahim al-Manai’a, 21, from the Bedouin village, wounded by a live bullet to the left foot; and

4. ‘Omar ‘Eid Abu Me’teq, 19, from the Bedouin village, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot.

 

2. Continued Siege on the OPT

IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

IOF have continued to close all border crossings of the Gaza Strip. During the reported period, these crossings were partially reopened to allow the entry of basic foodstuffs, medical supplies and other necessities into the Gaza Strip. The total siege imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip has left disastrous impacts on the humanitarian situation and has violated the economic and social rights of the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the rights to appropriate living conditions, health and education. It has also paralyzed most economic sectors. Furthermore, severe restrictions have been imposed on the movement of the Palestinian civilian population.

· Rafah International Crossing Point: Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border is the sole outlet for the Gaza Strip to the outside world. IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point, even though they do not directly control it. They have prevented European observers working at the crossing point form reaching it. The crossing point has been closed since 25 June 2006. During the reported period, the crossing point was reopened on Wednesday, 6 December 2006.

 

On 15 November 2006, the Palestinian – Israeli agreement on border crossing, which was concluded under US and European supervision, expired. Under this agreement, IOF have maintained indirect control over of the crossing point. The European observation team working at the crossing point extended their task for additional 6 months. On 15 November 2005, the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and Israel reached an agreement over the border crossings of the Gaza Strip. Under the agreement, on 25 November 2005, the Rafah International Crossing Point, on the Egyptian border in the south of the Gaza Strip, was opened for civilian travel to Egypt and the rest of the world. The Palestinians and European Union (EU) observers would run the Palestinian side of the crossing point. In addition, the EU observers would transmit live images to a joint control room several kilometers away. The EU observers repeated withdrew from the crossing following receiving warnings from IOF that there were threats to them. However, all warnings proved to be void, and the observers resumed their work.

 

· Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: IOF have completely closed Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing, which links the Gaza Strip with Israel and the West Bank. Before this latest closure, IOF had prevented Palestinian workers from reaching their work places inside Israel through Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing since 12 March 2006. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip had been prevented from traveling through this crossing. IOF have allowed international workers to pass through the crossing. With this closure, few Palestinian patients have been able to travel to hospitals in Israel and the West Bank. Palestinian female patients aged under 40 from passing through the crossing, even though most of these patients are in serious conditions and suffer from serious diseases.

 

· Al-Mentar (Karni) Commercial Crossing: IOF have closed the crossing, which is the main commercial crossing for the Gaza Strip. As a consequence, the economic situation inside the Gaza Strip has further deteriorated and many goods have been lacked in markets. During the reported period, IOF partially reopened the crossing. They allowed the importation of foodstuffs and medicines into the Gaza Strip, and the exportation of some goods from the Gaza Strip to Israel and the West Bank. The number of trucks allowed into the Gaza Strip daily is 200, whereas only 30 trucks loaded with exported goods from the Gaza Strip are allowed to pass through the crossing. Prices of goods have increased due to the increase in transportation costs at the crossing; the transportation cost of a container has increased from 2,000 NIS to 9,000 NIS.

 

· Sofa Crossing: During the reported period, IOF partially reopened Sofa crossing, northeast of Rafaha, for two days only, allowing the entry of some food aids for some humanitarian organizations. However, IOF have continued to close Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) crossing.

The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health.

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Following the attack on IOF on 25 June 2006, IOF prevented fishing. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza’s coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2,500 fishermen, 2,500 support staff and their families. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. The Oslo Accords allow Palestinian fishermen to go fishing up to 20 nautical miles away from the Gaza seashore.

The West Bank

IOF have imposed a tightened siege on the West Bank. They have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians and imposed curfews on a number of Palestinian communities.

· Nablus: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Saturday morning, 2 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at Beit Eiba checkpoint, west of Nablus, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. In the meantime, IOF continued to close the 17 checkpoint at the northern entrance of the city. On Sunday morning, 3 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at Za’tara and Hawara checkpoints, south of Nablus, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians, forcing them to wait fro hours before allowing to pass through.

At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 30 November 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at the 17 checkpoint, north of Nablus, arrested ‘Aassem Hussam Jawabra, 24, from Northern ‘Assira village north of the city.

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They have also continued to prevent Palestinians aged under 35 from crossing checkpoints around the town. On Thursday, 30 November 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Allar village, north of Tulkarm. They also pursued dozens of young men who resorted to alternative dirt roads and held them for several hours. On Sturday, 2 December 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Jaroushiya village, north of Tulkarm. They also pursued dozens of young men who resorted to alternative dirt roads and held them for several hours. Additionally, IOF erected a checkpoint at Ektaba-Shwaika intersection. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

On Saturday, 2 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at a checkpoint erected at the entrance of Qiffin village, north of Tulkarm, arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. Talal Rasmi Kittana, 35, secretary of Fatah movement in al-Nazla al-Sharqiya village;

2. Ussama Fathi Sabbah, 22, from Qiffin village; and

3. Talal Mohammed Kittana, 32, al-Nazla al-Sharqiya village.

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in Jenin. On Saturday morning, 2 December 2006, IOF erected a number of checkpoints around Tubas village, southeast of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. Additionally, IOF soldiers positioned at al-Hamra and Tayaseer checkpoints at the entrances to the Jordan Valley imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They prevented dozens of civilians from entering the area for no apparent reasons.

On Saturday evening, 2 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at Tayaseer checkpoint at the entrance of the northern Jordan Valley arrested two Palestinian civilians, who have not be identified.

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians at various checkpoints around the town, especially ‘Attara checkpoint, north of the town, and Jaba’ checkpoint, south of the town. On Sunday morning, 3 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at ‘Attara and Jaba’ checkpoints obstructed the passage of Palestinian civilians. The two checkpoints links Ramallah with other districts in the West Bank.

 

· Hebron: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians inside and outside Hebron. On Friday and Saturday, 24 and 25 November 2006, hundreds of Palestinian civilians were not able to attend prayers in the Ibrahimi Mosque, and they were not neither able to reach their work places in the area, due to the restrictions on movement imposed by IOF. IOF stopped and conducted prolonged checking on Palestinian civilians. At approximately 15:00 on Sunday, 3 December 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint at al-Kassara intersection in the south of Hebron, and another one at Wadi al-Qadi intersection in the southeast of the town. They stopped, checked and interrogated Palestinian civilians. At approximately 17:00 on Monday, 4 December 2006, IOF erected a checkpoint at Be’r al-Jilda intersection, northwest of Hebron. They stopped, checked and interrogated Palestinian civilians.

On Tuesday morning, 5 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at the entrance of the road leading to the Ibrahimi Mosque in the south of Hebron arrested Mohammed Is’haq al-Mahariq, 17, from al-Sammou’ village south of the town.

· Bethlehem: On Tuesday morning, 30 November 2006, IOF established a permanent checkpoint at the southern entrance of Taqqou’ village, south of Bethlehem. They razed areas of land up to 50 meters on both sides of the main road, and established an observation tower and a checkpoint. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 1 December 2006, IOF closed the main entrance of al-Rashaida village, southeast of Bethlehem, with a sand barrier.

On Saturday, 2 December 2006, IOF soldiers positioned at the Container checkpoint near Bethlehem arrested Eyad Khalil al-‘Omour, 35, from Yatta village south of Hebron.

 

3. Construction of the Annexation Wall

IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside West Bank territory.

· At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 November 2006, IOF moved into Wad al-Rasha village near Qalqilya, which is isolated behind the Wall. They demolished a house belonging to Na’el ‘Awni ‘Ouda, in which 5 people live, claiming that it was built without a license. IOF soldiers violently beat a number of Palestinian civilians who attempted to stop the demolition. They also informed 5 Palestinian civilians that their house would be demolished.

 

4. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

· At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 30 November 2006, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They demolished a 170-square-meter house belonging to Mo’in Muneer Zaid, in which 6 people live. They claimed the house was built without a license. Zaid told PCHR that he repeatedly applied for a license, but IOF did not offered it to him. Later, IOF demolished a 100-square-meter shop of used furniture belonging to Jameel Mohammed Talab. Soon after, IOF demolished two agricultural establishments that sell vegetables belonging to Hatem Naji Nazzal and Shadi Mohammed Bader. Later, IOF demolished a warehouse of construction raw materials belonging to ‘Abdul Rahim Dib Sa’sa’. They also demolished the fence surrounding the land on which the warehouse stood.

 

· At approximately 11:00 also on Thursday, IOF demolished two animal farms that stood on a 400-square-meter area of land belonging to the al-Khouli family in Wad Qana area, east of Qalqilya. The sheep escaped to neighboring space areas and Israeli settlements. IOF wanted the family in 2004 that the two farms would be demolished, but the Israeli High Court issued a temporary injunction stopping the demolition.

 

· At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 3 December 2006, an Israeli settlers traveling in his car on bypass road (60) near Kherbat Qalqas village, south of Hebron, fired at a Palestinian house in the area. As a result, 6-year-old Mohammed Firas Fares al-Atrash was seriously wounded by a live bullet that entered the right shoulder and settled in the neck.

…………………………………………………………


Recommendations to the International Community

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.

 

5. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the member States of the EU, and all other states, to adopt a voting pattern at the UN bodies, particularly the General Assembly, Security Council and Commission on Human Rights which is keeping with international law.

 

7. PCHR demands that the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion be immediately implemented by the international community.

 

8. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented last year, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.

 

9. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

10. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

11. In light of the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupying forces on access for international organizations to the OPT, PCHR calls upon European countries to deal with Israeli citizens in a similar manner.

 

12. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (http://www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8 2824776 – 2825893).

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